Oats, scientifically known as Avena Sativa, are among the healthiest grains. Oats are loaded with essential vitamins and minerals such as manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, thiamine and pantothenic acid, to name a few.
They are a great source of fibre, especially beta-glucan, a type of soluble fibre. Beta-glucan assists with reducing bad cholesterol (LDL) and total cholesterol levels. It helps with reducing blood sugar and insulin response. It increases satiety (feeling of fullness). Additionally, beta-glucan increases the growth of good bacteria in the digestive tract.
Oats are high in antioxidants and beneficial plant compounds called polyphenols. Most notable is a unique group of antioxidants called avenanthramides.
Avenanthramides are believed to have protective effects against heart disease. In addition, avenanthramides have anti-inflammatory effects.
Oats are commonly rolled or crushed, and can be consumed as a porridge, in baked goods, bread, muesli and granola.
Oats may help you lose weight by making you feel fuller. It does this by slowing down the emptying of the stomach and increasing production of the satiety hormone, peptide YY (PYY). Therefore, assisting fewer calorie intake which then leads to weight loss or weight maintenance.